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Principles of Landscaping

Principles are certain facts that acts as the foundation for a set of beliefs in any field that is concerned. Landscaping is one such field that also has certain principles based on which they are designed or made. Gardening has become more and more popular in the present-day situation as its importance is being realized by us. The bare land is being landscaped to make it beautiful. But landscaping it with the correct principles makes it a visual treat to us. It is only then they serve the purpose of its design. The natural landscapes with the tall mountains, hills, valleys, rivers, and plants do not fail to amaze us. The similar imitation like nature should also be a perfect blend of all the features in the right proportion.

BASIC PRINCIPLES IN LANDSCAPING

Background: The background serves as a main component of any landscaping. The background may be a wall or tall trees or a hedge. The background must be neutral to support the other features of the garden. The background should not become a distracting feature of the garden.

Contrast: This feature is very important to incase of all landscapes irrespective of its size. The main purpose of this principle is to break the monotony of the garden. The contrast provides a varied and beautiful look at the overall features. The contrast can be provided by using the color (a floral bed with yellow and violet color flowers), or texture (a spiky leaved plant with a smooth textured leaf plant) or with form (a tall form combined with a spreading or bushy plant).

Contrast

Balance: This principle is the most looked into in case of a formal garden or a symmetrical garden. In a formal garden or perhaps a symmetrical garden, the balance is a very important feature which defines the symmetry. It is achieved by using the features in the exact same size and numbers. In the case of an informal garden, the balance can be achieved by balancing the features but not exact with similar ones in terms of size or number i.e., a hedge at one side balanced by a seater or a rock on the other side.

Balance

Proportion: It refers to the size of each element with reference to the other. The proportion of the different features in the garden should be a major consideration in constructing a garden. The proportion will make the objects look taller or smaller in size i.e., a tall tree in front of the house will make the house look smaller and a bushy tree in front of a house will make the house look bigger in size. The phenomenon of illusion is being played within the principle of proportion. So, choosing the plants with the right proportion has the utmost importance.

Proportion

Repetition: This principle helps in achieving a rhythm in the garden. In the case of a formal garden, the same feature is being repeated (a set of 3 or 4 circular hedges). In the case of an informal garden, it may not be the same. The repetition when done with different textures and colors, it will provide good contrast and will be visually appealing.

Repetition

Rhythm: Rhythm will enhance the unity of the garden. The random placement of the various features will not look good as a whole. For creating a rhythm, an artistic sense is required that will combine all the principles like balance, proportion, repetition, and contrast. Also, careful use of these principles is required for enhancing the rhythm.

Rhythm

Variety: Variety will break the monotony of the garden. It will also help in enhancing the beauty of the garden. Variety can be achieved by the use of different colors, forms, and texture. Also planting flowering plants that flower in different seasons will provide color and variety to the garden all around the year.

We hope knowing these basic design principles of landscaping can help you to make your garden more beautiful!

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All about Water Garden

What is it?

Water gardening is a very beautiful form of gardening that has been present and followed for ages. The Mughal gardens, in particular, have water features in their garden. Water adds life to all the gardens irrespective of its size. The simulation of a natural landscape with a water body by proper planning with the use of the different plants and other features is called water gardening. It helps in breaking the monotony of a large scape of land. These forms of gardens have become popular in the contemporary style of gardening. The water gardens have an endless variety, designs and planting options that make them unique and personalized in their style. Apart from the Mughal style of gardens, the Japanese style of the garden also uses the water component as a very essential part of their gardens along with the koi fishes in it.

 

Where can we design?

The water garden can be designed in either a naturally available water body or in an artificially created body of water. The water garden created becomes complete when it is visible even from our living space and provides pleasure to us. The site should have bright sunlight for at least six hours. It will help in the growth of the plants that have been planted in it. A shady place or a place under a tree should be avoided as it will be a hindrance to the growth of the plants and there are also chances of getting dirty very often. Also, a very high sunny location will  lead to the growth of algae. So, the location is very critical for a water garden to enjoy and maintain it. Access for electricity is also important for providing lights and other features to the water garden.

How to add plants in there?

The plants in a water garden are easy to plant. The plants in a water garden are either completely rooted in the ground or they float in the surface of the water or can even be submerged. The rooted plants can be planted directly in the soil or it can be planted in small pots and kept on the ground surface. The creation of shelf like structures during the construction of a water garden is essential for those plants that are to be placed in the pots. The floating plants have no issues and can be made to float in the surface of the water. The deeper the water garden, the greater are the options for plants and the various features being incorporated in the water garden.

Before planting the rooted plants, soil to a height of about 1 feet is added and manures like compost or cow dung is added for the good growth of the plants. The plants that are rooted are planted and water is being filled till the crown region. Once as the plant starts to grow, the water level can be increased.

  • Rooted plants – Lotus, Water Lily
  • Floating plants – Eichhornia species
  • Submerged plants – Valesneria, Hydrilla

 

  • Water Lily

What are the components of it? 

  1. Pond liners – These help in the construction of an artificial water garden. The liners are available in various materials like rubber, fiberglass, plastic, and concrete. The fixing if the liners will create the basic structure for the water garden. It is available in different sizes and shapes.
  2. Pumps – It helps in the movement of water from one place to another in a water garden or to a fountain or waterfalls in the garden. It also helps in maintaining the water quality by filtering.
  3. Filters – Used for the sole purpose of cleaning water in the water garden. The filters can be either mechanical or biological. The water basically flows through the filter in the water garden and gets filtered in this process. It makes the water safe for fishes and plants. Skimmers are a sort of mechanical filter that cleans the bigger sized debris in the water.
  4. Fountains – They make a very beautiful component in the water garden. They break the monotony of the water garden. The different forms of the fountain and the various lighting adds beauty to the entire garden
  5. Waterfall – The waterfalls create a calm and serene atmosphere to the water garden and it is also pleasing to the eye. The mild sound of the waterfall gives a relaxing effect to the people there.
  6. Lightings – It is used to enhance the beauty of the various features added to the water garden.

      7. Fishes – Fishes create a mobility to the garden. They bring more life to the overall garden and also help in cleaning the algae in the water surface.

Steps to construct the pond

  • Select a suitable site.
  • Dig out the land for the water body.
  • Plan for the electrical and plumbing lines and for the various fixtures to be installed.
  • Place the liner and fasten it strongly.
  • Add the soil and plants.
  • Add the rocks or gravels for beautification.
  • Fill in with the water and fishes.
  • Plan the surrounding landscape to compliment the water garden.

Water garden is one of the most rewarding features you can add to your garden. Whether you choose a small or a full-scale pond, soothing sights and sounds of running water, the colorful and often fragrant water plants, beautiful koi fish and the wild creatures they attract, will bring peace and serenity to your landscape.

 

Happy gardening

 

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Colorful annuals that you can grow in winter season!

Winter season is always the best time to grow beautiful flowers in your garden. If you are planning to grow some beautiful blooms in your garden then the right time to sow seeds in October- November. Some seeds grow in colder times that is in December and January.

In India,  you will find different seasons and diversity. Winter season make our surrounding colorful and this is all because of the beautiful flowers. These blooms always spread happiness around us. For healthy growth and  flowering, proper amount of sunlight, water and care are very important. 

Site, Soil and watering :

Selects the site according to your landscape which receives a good amount of sunlight for colorful annuals. Watering needs to be done carefully. Smaller plants are more susceptible to over or under-watering. Use good soil which contains a good amount of organic compost like vermicompost which is rich in nutrients.

Winter flowering annuals :

Petunia, cockscomb, zinnia, calendula, chrysanthemum, cineraria, and marigold are some best colorful annuals  that we can grow in the Indian climate during the winter season. Flower plants need soil up to 5 inches deep. So, dig a hole in the soil and bury the seed about 2 inches deep. After 6 weeks, you will see the seeds sprout into saplings. 

Tips for growing winter annuals:

  1. Plants annuals in a sunny area and close to each other.
  2. Don’t overwater and keep the soil moist.
  3. This bright colorful annuals suitable to make ornamental edging, container gardening and for hanging baskets
  4. Use these colorful flowering pots for instant display.
  5. This bright color annual helps to attract butterflies, honey bees in your landscape.

Petunia

One of the most popular annual flowering plants, they are quick-growing and known for their beautiful blooms pink, purple, violet, red, white. Winter is the perfect season to grow petunias in the garden. Petunia seeds can be sown when the temperature is cool. Petunias are perfect for hanging basket and container gardening. The seeds are very small, so one needs to take extra care while sowing. Sprinkle seeds on well-drained soil and gently push them down. Light sandy soil is ideal. Do not cover them with soil, as they need light to germinate. 

Petunia

Cockscomb or celosia

Cockscomb known for its unique flowers, it produces feathery flower spikes in a pyramidal fashion resembling ostrich-plums in various colors, deep rust red is the most common color, although purple, yellow and pink varieties have gained popularity in recent years. It is best to grow cockscomb plants in large groups. Germination time is five days to two weeks. Celosia prefers full sunlight and can tolerate little shade. Maintain  moist soil with regular watering.          

Celosia

Cineraria

The Cineraria plant, the term cineraria means “ash gray,” so it’s not surprising to be called the ashplant. These plants are not suited for growing in hot, dry climates. Cineraria should be grown in partial to full shade and planted in slightly acidic, rich, well-drained soil with high compost content. Water them regularly to keep the soil evenly moist.

Cineraria

 

Zinnia

Zinnias are one of the easiest flowers to grow, as they grow quickly and bloom heavily. Zinnia flowers can create a massive burst of color in the garden. Grow zinnias in a spot with full sun for most prolific blooms. Zinnias are very drought tolerant and don’t usually need any supplemental watering. If your soil is poor, you can add some compost to give the plants a boost, but they will grow in even bad soil. Zinnia is one of the first flowers to bloom in the space. 

Zinnia

 

Marigold

No annual is more cheerful or easier to grow than the marigold. Marigolds are a very versatile flower. They enjoy full sun and hot days and grows well in dry or moist soil. This hardiness is one of the reasons that they are often used as bedding plants and container plants. Plant the marigolds in a prepared garden site that has been tilled to a depth of about 6 to 8 inches and amended with a layer of compost or other organic matter. Space the plants about 8 to 10 inches apart. Increase the spacing by 2 inches if you grow a large variety.

 

Marigold

Dianthus

Dianthus flowers (Dianthus spp.) are also called “pinks.” Plants are small and usually between 6 and 18 inches tall. Dianthus flowers are most often in pink, salmon, red and white hues. The foliage is slender and sparsely spread on thick stems. Dianthus plants grow easily from seeds sown indoors in trays or sown directly outdoors. For dianthus plants choose a location in full sun with loose, well-drained soil. The addition of organic matter (leaf mold, compost, well-rotted manure)  encourages plant growth and blooms. Water them only at the base of the plant to keep the foliage dry and prevent mildew spotting.

 

Dianthus

Grow these colorful annuals to your garden, which adds color contrast wherever you need them!  

Which winter annual will you choose? We love to hear from our garden lovers. Do tell us in the comment section below.

 Happy gardening