Ease-of-care: Moderately difficult (Fruiting can be temperatmental. Requires warm temperatures. Using black plastic and row covers can speed early growth.)
Small bushy plants. Dark green ovate leaves. Chilli need warm frost free weather, so protect with glass or plastic covers if planting outside in cooler areas. Most varieties need a long growing period to produce many ‘chillies’. The Spanish word serrano, which means “from the mountains”, describes the serrano chilli’s origin in the Mexican mountains of northern Puebla and Hidalgo. The serrano chilli is most commonly green, red, orange, yellow or brown in color.
Good source of Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol), Thiamin, Riboflavin, Folate, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus and Copper, and a very good source of Dietary Fiber, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin K, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Potassium and Manganese.
Harvest in 65-80 days
Grow in seed trays, and plant out in 4-6 weeks. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed.
Best planted at soil temperatures between 18°C and 35°C.
Space plants: 40-50cm
Sow seeds indoors, 1/4 inch deep in flats, peat pots or cellpacks, 8-10 weeks before you anticipate transplanting outside. Seed germinates best when soil temperature is warm.
Use black plastic and/or row covers to speed soil warming and early growth. Use caution with row covers not to overheat plants and cause them to drop their blossoms.
If not using black plastic, mulch plants after they are well established and the soil has warmed to retain moisture and control weeds. Stake tall varieties for earlier and heavier harvest.
Chilli need even moisture for best performance. An even supply can reduce blossom end rot, a disorder caused by lack of calcium. Do not plant in same spot more than once every 4 years.
Maintenance and care:
Plant approx. 1/4″ deep in individual cells or 4″ pots. Be sure to keep them in a warm place. Provide plenty of light once seeds have germinated. Young heirloom pepper plants like it to stay warm and will develop well if kept happy.
set banana pepper transplants 12-24″ apart in rows 24-36″ apart in well-drained loam amended with compost. If the soil is low in magnesium, dig in a dusting of Epsom salt. Plant sweet and hot banana pepper varieties as far away from one another as possible to avoid cross-pollination. You can expect sweet banana peppers to have a mildly tangy flavor from cross-pollination.
The picture is an indication of type only
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Check our video on best method for good germination of seeds