How To Care For A Rubber Plant

If you are looking for an indoor plant that makes a bold statement, then look no further than a Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica). Besides being an attractive low maintenance plant, it also purifies the indoor air. 

  • Common names           Rubber fig, Rubber plant.
  • Indian names:               Rubber plant ( Hindi and Kannada)
  • Botanical Name:          Ficus elastica 
  • Family :                             Moracae

      

Plant Features:

  • Plant type :                   Tree, Indoor plant.
  • Foliage type :               Evergreen, shiny oval leaves.
  • Life-Cycle:                    Perennial
  • Height :                          Up to 50 feet, Up to 3 m indoor variety.
  • Width/Spread:           25 feet / 6 feet trunk diameter
  • Flowering season:    All season
  • Flower:                         Yellowish green
  • Toxic:                             Rubber plant sap is toxic and causes mild irritation burning sensation in eyes if it comes in contact.
  • Propagation:              Rubber tree is commonly propagated from cuttings or air layering.

Popular varieties 

  • Ficus elastica ‘Tineke’– With variegated green and white leaves having overtones of burgundy and red veins.
  • Ficus elastica ‘Doescheri’– Also called as “Indian Rubber tree”. It has dark green foliage with patches. Plants of this variety needs more natural light than most of the other variety.
  • Ficus elastica ‘Back prince’- This variety has thick dark green leathery foliage with bronze undertones and large rounded leaves.
  • Ficus elastica ‘Decora’- This variety has thick dark green leaves.
  • Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’-This variety produces larger green leaves that grow around 18 inches long.
  • Ficus elastica ‘tricolor’ – This variety has green leaves with patches of pink and cream. 

          

Rubber plant is an evergreen tropical plant that can grow up to 50 feet. It can be grown indoors (up to 3 m) as an ornamental plant. Para rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) is grown for for the production of commercial rubber.

Rubber plant care and  growing requirements :

Sunlight : Place the plant on a bright and well-lit spot that receives indirect or morning sunlight. Avoid direct sunlight, especially in the afternoon sun. Otherwise, the leaves will eventually fall off.

Soil : Use well-drained quality potting mix and a container with proper drainage.

Water : Apply moderately, whenever the top one-inch of soil feels dry. Provide sufficient drainage to plant and avoid excess watering as it may cause root rot.

Humidity : Rubber plant prefers moderately cool, moist and humid air. For humidity, you can use a humidifier or set it on a tray with pebbles and water.

Pests : The rubber plant is resistant to pests and diseases. However, if grown in poor conditions and low light,  pests like spider mites and mealybugs cause a problem.

To treat the pest problems, as soon as you notice the insects on your Rubber Plant, spray the entire plant with insecticidal soap or Neem oil, making sure to get both sides of the leaves. 

Care

  • Wipe and clean the leaves with a damp sponge once in a week.
  • Avoid over-watering or misting of leaves with very cold water as rubber plant loses its leaves due to over watering or when sprayed with cold water. 

This is it, all about Rubber plant,  Easy to take care of and makes your home feel special!

“The large, dark, vibrant foliage of rubber plant looks really beautiful and the plant with minimal care does a brilliant job of  freshening-up indoor air! That’s all you need to know about the Rubber plant to get started! Plant one at your home and take care of this delightful plant”

 

” I hope this article inspires you to add a rubber plant to your home. If you have any other tips for growing a rubber plant, please do share. We would love to know how you keep your plant healthy!”

Happy-gardening

 

Top 10 indoor low maintenance plants

INDOOR LOW MAINTENANCE PLANTS

Indoor plants or houseplants are used to make our house look lively and fresh. But maintaining it becomes a task sometimes. Taking out time to take care of these plants is not always a feasible option and we end up neglecting it and they eventually die. Well, this trouble can be avoided by choosing low-maintenance houseplants that are very easy to take care of.

The top-10 low maintenance houseplants are:

  • Snake plant:
  • Botanical name: Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Laurentii’
  • Other names: Mother in law’s tongue
  • Light and temperature: low to bright light; 60-85 degrees F
  • Water: occasionally, as it is drought tolerant
  • Height: up to 4 feet tall
snake plant

snake plant

Snake plant is a carefree succulent plant, it is quite indestructible and has lovely, long architectural, snake-like leaves. The only problem with this plant is that it’s very likely to develop root rot if we overwater it.

  • ZZ plant:
  • Botanical name: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
  • Other names: Zanzibar gem, Zeezee plant
  • Light and temperature: low to bright light; 60-75 degrees F
  • Water: allow the soil to dry between waterings
  • Height: 2-3 feet tall
ZZ PLANT

ZZ PLANT

This plant is sometimes called the eternity plant because it lasts so long. It’s thick, fleshy leafstalks are very durable and thus, very resistant to harsh conditions. This plant is poisonous if eaten or chewed by children or pets.

 

  • Cast iron plant:
  • Botanical name: Aspiditra elatior
  • Other names: Bar-room plant
  • Light and temperature: low light; 45-85 degrees F
  • Water: should be kept evenly moist during active growth period
  • Height: up to 2 feet tall
Cast-Iron-Plant

Cast-Iron-Plant

This plant literally lives up to its name, it is nearly indestructible. One of the toughest houseplants one can grow. It withstands all adverse conditions.

  • Money plant:
  • Botanical name: Epipremnum aureum
  • Other names: Golden Pothos, Devil’s Ivy
  • Light and temperature: bright to medium; 45-85 degrees F
  • Water: moderately; let the soil dry between watering
  • Height: climbs up to 7 feet (around 2 m) in containers
money plant

money plant

Money plant is the most common and most planted houseplants in India. It is seen in almost every other house in India. It can be grown in a pot as well as a hanging plant.

  • Peace lily:
  • Botanical name: Spathiphyllum wallisii
  • Other names: Cobra plant
  • Light and temperature: bright to medium; 65-80 degrees F
  • Height:up to 2 feet (60 cm)
  • Water: the plant should be kept moist most of the time
  • Flowering season: blooms repeatedly all-year long
  • Flower colours: white
peace lily

peace lily

Because of its low maintenance and pure white blossoms, Peace lily, is one of the most popular varieties of houseplants. The soil of the plant should be moist at all times but there shouldn’t be any standing water.

  • Arrowhead vine:
  • Botanical name: Syngonium podophyllum
  • Other names: Goosefeet, African evergreen, Arrowhead philodendron, Arrowhead plant
  • Light and temperature: low to medium
  • Height:up to 3 feet
  • Water: drench; let dry
arrowhead vine

arrowhead vine

Arrowhead vine is one of the most common houseplants. This plant may cause irritation of lips, tongue and throat if any of its parts are eaten or chewed.

  • Asparagus fern:
  • Botanical name: Asparagus densiflorus ‘Myers’
  • Other names: Foxtail, Plume asparagus
  • Light and temperature: medium to bright light; 60-75 degrees F
  • Height:up to 4 feet tall
  • Water: should be kept evenly moist

 

Many varieties of Asparagus ferns are used as houseplants because they are the fastest growing, least demanding and easiest to take care of. Best grown in bright light without direct sun, shade tends to cause them to yellow or drop.

  • Hens and chicks plant:
  • Botanical name: Sympervivum tectorum
  • Other names: Houseleek, Jupiter’s eye plant, Thor’s beard plant
  • Light and temperature: medium to bright light; 60-75 degrees F
  • Height and spread:up to 2-7 inches tall, 2-36 inches wide spread
  • Water: Leaves are succulent; watering is only necessary in drought conditions
hens and chicks plant

hens and chicks plant

Since houseleeks are succulents, maintaining it is not a task at all. Keeping them in sunlight brings out the bright colours in this plant. If kept in shade, many varieties fade to a plain green colour.

  • Peperomia:
  • Botanical name: Peperomia spp
  • Other names: Radiator plant
  • Light and temperature: low to medium light; 60-75 degrees F
  • Height:up to 1 foot tall
  • Water: moderately, let the soil dry between watering
peperomia

peperomia

Peperomia is a diverse group of small houseplants with waxy colourful foliage which adds liveliness to any room where it is kept without taking up a lot of space.

  • Coleus:
  • Botanical name: Plectranthus scutellariodes
  • Other names: Painted nettle
  • Light and temperature: low to medium light; 65-75 degrees F
  • Height:up to 2 feet tall
  • Water: moderately, let the soil dry between watering
Coleus

Coleus

Coleus plant’s tallness can be maintained at a desired height. Pinch the stem tips to control the height and increase the bushiness which is favourable for indoor planting.

Top-10 indoor woody plants

Indoor woody plants are a great source for oxygen yield that helps in reducing the sickness syndrome that develops due to air pollution in indoor closed environments which are not suitable for prolonged healthy life. Staying in closed environments can protect you from being vulnerable to diseases but can cause other ailments due to the lack of exposure to fresh air, which are remedial for problems related to physical and mental well-being. Read more

Want to build a greenhouse ?

Greenhouses are building or complexes in which plants are grown. By providing a more controlled convenient environment, they expand the growing possibilities for the crops. Inside a greenhouse, gardeners have control over temperature, humidity, soil aeration, soil moisture and drainage, fertility levels, and light. Read more

World Famous Greenhouses

  1. Royal Greenhouses of Laeken

Royal Greenhouses of Laeken

Situated in the grounds of the Royal Castle of Laeken in Brussels, this enormous complex of greenhouses covers 270,000 square feet. Commissioned by King Leopold II of Belgium, it was built between 1874 and 1895 and includes the Iron Church, a domed greenhouse which served as the Royal Chapel. A whopping 800,000 litres of heating oil are required annually to keep the greenhouse heated. The public are allowed entry once a year, in the spring, for nearly three weeks when the flowers are in bloom.

Read more

Make Your Home a Walk in the Park: Top 10 Indoor Ground-Cover/Hanging Plants

Hanging Plants

Many studies have shown that one of the leading causes of mental stress and discontent in human beings, is a feeling of disconnect from nature. Turn your home into a green haven, with the help of the following greenery. The following plants are the best fit to make your home feel alive and vibrant, with the space they occupy complemented by their bright colours. These plants look really nice when you put them in hanging planters

Note: You can buy hanging planters from our online store. These plants also look really nice in our wooden planters, available online for delivery anywhere in India

  1. Foxtail Fern
  • Botanical Name: Asparagus densiflorus
  • Other Names: Meyers Asparagus, Cat’s Tail
  • Light: Bright light
  • Water: Water thoroughly, allowing soil to dry between watering. Water sparingly during winter.
  • Height: 2-3 ft. (60-90 cm)
  • Benefits: Useful as border plants along flowers, have moderate salt tolerance (can be used for seaside planting)
Foxtail Fern

Foxtail Fern

Although its common name includes ‘fern’, the Foxtail Fern is actually a plant with seeds, not a fern. It got its name because of the clumped nature of the plant which resembles that of ferns.

  1. Asparagus Fern
  • Botanical Name: Protasparagus setaceus
  • Other Names: Common fern, Lilyfern
  • Light: Partial shade is ideal, it can get accustomed to more light
  • Water: Ideally watered regularly, allowing soil to dry out, but can handle long periods without water
  • Height: Can grow upto 10 ft.
  • Benefits: Its texture makes it ideal for hanging basket plantings
Asparagus Fern

Asparagus Fern

These plants grow small white flowers in the spring, followed by purplish black berries.

  1. Peperomia caperata
  • Botanical Name: Peperomia caperata
  • Other Names: Emerald Ripple, Red Luna
  • Light: No direct sun, low to moderate light
  • Water: Water so that the soil is barely moist. Water sparingly in winter.
  • Height: 8 in (20cm)
  • Benefits: The nature of its foliage make it a valuable addition to a dish garden or a terrarium.
Yellow and green variegated leaves of Peperomia obtusifolia or desert privet in a terracotta pot.

Yellow and green variegated leaves of Peperomia obtusifolia or desert privet in a terracotta pot.

This plant actually grows optimally under fluorescent grow lights, which make it an ideal plant for the office or in the house.

  1. Boston Fern
  • Botanical Name: Nephrolepis exaltata
  • Other Names: Sword Fern, Fishbone Fern
  • Light: Indirect light, moderate shade
  • Water: Keep them moist, they need a very humid atmosphere
  • Height: 2-8 ft (50-250cm)
  • Benefits: It is a very hardy plant, thus making it a popular houseplant. Also it is non-toxic, so even if domesticated animals eat it by mistake, there is no harm done.
Boston Fern

Boston Fern

These plants give a warm ambiance to the surroundings as they are generally found in tropical regions of the world, also in rainforests, and swamps.

  1. Peace Lily
  • Botanical Name: Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum
  • Other Names: Spath
  • Light: Low to medium light, as the light increases the white blooms on the plant increase proportionally
  • Water: Can be watered sparingly, low water requirement
  • Height: 12-65 cm
  • Benefits: It is a very helpful plant to purify the air. It has been ranked in NASA’s top three plants that remove VOC’s (volatile organic compounds) from the air.
Peace lily

Peace lily

When taking care of this plant, one of the main things to look out for is the risk of overwatering as this is the most common reason for the death of a Peace Lily.

  1. Arrowhead Vine
  • Botanical Name: Syngonium podophyllum
  • Other Names: American evergreen, Five fingers
  • Light: Bright, filtered light, as direct sunlight will cause the leaves to burn or bleach
  • Water: Mist the plant daily, to keep it humid and moist for optimal growing conditions
  • Height: 5-10 ft. (150-300 cm)
  • Benefits: Provides a nice complement to trees, as it grows alongside them
Arrowhead vine

Arrowhead vine

It is an extremely lush, dense plant which requires cutting and layering regularly to keep it in control.

  1. Rhoeo
  • Botanical Name: Rhoeo discolor, Rhoeo spathacea
  • Other Names: Boat lily, Oyster plant
  • Light: Partial to full shade
  • Water: Water very sparingly, extremely drought tolerant
  • Height: 1-1.5 ft. (30-45cm)
  • Benefits: It is a quick growing ground cover, with attractive clumps
Rhoeo

Rhoeo

These plants are extremely tolerant to adverse conditions and can even grow in cracks of cement, etc. Propagation is by division of clumps.

  1. Hens and chicks plant
  • Botanical Name: Sempervivum tectorum
  • Other Names: Houseleeks
  • Light: Direct, full sunlight
  • Water: Little water required, dry soil optimal
  • Height: 4-8 in. (10-20cm)
  • Benefits: These can grow in any climate, and provide numerous amounts of small rosette shaped plants in return.
Hens and chicks plant

Hens and chicks plant

In this plant, the ‘hen’ is the mother plant which grows to the size of a small plate, and the ‘chicks’ are the small babies which are numerous and are only the size of a rupee.

  1. Purple Shamrock
  • Botanical Name: Oxalis triangularis
  • Other Names: False Shamrock, Love Plant
  • Light: For vibrant plants, direct sunlight is required
  • Water: Needs to be watered regularly, allowing the soil to dry out between watering
  • Height: 15-25cm
  • Benefits: These plants are known for their beautiful shades of light purple and pink.
Purple Shamrock

Purple Shamrock

If it gets too dry, the plant will go into dormancy mode, but not die out completely. Once it starts to receive proper water, then the flowers will start to bloom once more.

  1. Heart-shaped Philodendron
  • Botanical Name: Philodendron scandens
  • Other Names: Sweetheart Plant, Heartleaf Philodendron
  • Light: Moderate to bright light, with no direct sun
  • Water: Keep the soil lightly moist, except in the winter, when it should be allowed to dry out
  • Height: 4-5 ft. (1.2-1.4m)
  • Benefits: It is a versatile plant, as it can grow either as a vine/creeper or a potted plant, based on your preference.

It is a popular houseplant, as it is extremely easy to grow. Light watering with a sunny environment is enough for this plant to prosper.

You may want to check out these indoor plants  that are available for Bangalore delivery on our online store.

Happy Gardening

Indoor Flowering Plants that Do Not need Sunlight

With houseplants, there comes joy. They add greenery and interact with your body and mind, enhancing your quality of life. As we all know, plants release oxygen, the very essence of human life, as a part of their cycle of sustaining themselves. Read more to learn about this.

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