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All about Water Garden

What is it?

Water gardening is a very beautiful form of gardening that has been present and followed for ages. The Mughal gardens, in particular, have water features in their garden. Water adds life to all the gardens irrespective of its size. The simulation of a natural landscape with a water body by proper planning with the use of the different plants and other features is called water gardening. It helps in breaking the monotony of a large scape of land. These forms of gardens have become popular in the contemporary style of gardening. The water gardens have an endless variety, designs and planting options that make them unique and personalized in their style. Apart from the Mughal style of gardens, the Japanese style of the garden also uses the water component as a very essential part of their gardens along with the koi fishes in it.

 

Where can we design?

The water garden can be designed in either a naturally available water body or in an artificially created body of water. The water garden created becomes complete when it is visible even from our living space and provides pleasure to us. The site should have bright sunlight for at least six hours. It will help in the growth of the plants that have been planted in it. A shady place or a place under a tree should be avoided as it will be a hindrance to the growth of the plants and there are also chances of getting dirty very often. Also, a very high sunny location will  lead to the growth of algae. So, the location is very critical for a water garden to enjoy and maintain it. Access for electricity is also important for providing lights and other features to the water garden.

How to add plants in there?

The plants in a water garden are easy to plant. The plants in a water garden are either completely rooted in the ground or they float in the surface of the water or can even be submerged. The rooted plants can be planted directly in the soil or it can be planted in small pots and kept on the ground surface. The creation of shelf like structures during the construction of a water garden is essential for those plants that are to be placed in the pots. The floating plants have no issues and can be made to float in the surface of the water. The deeper the water garden, the greater are the options for plants and the various features being incorporated in the water garden.

Before planting the rooted plants, soil to a height of about 1 feet is added and manures like compost or cow dung is added for the good growth of the plants. The plants that are rooted are planted and water is being filled till the crown region. Once as the plant starts to grow, the water level can be increased.

  • Rooted plants – Lotus, Water Lily
  • Floating plants – Eichhornia species
  • Submerged plants – Valesneria, Hydrilla

 

  • Water Lily

What are the components of it? 

  1. Pond liners – These help in the construction of an artificial water garden. The liners are available in various materials like rubber, fiberglass, plastic, and concrete. The fixing if the liners will create the basic structure for the water garden. It is available in different sizes and shapes.
  2. Pumps – It helps in the movement of water from one place to another in a water garden or to a fountain or waterfalls in the garden. It also helps in maintaining the water quality by filtering.
  3. Filters – Used for the sole purpose of cleaning water in the water garden. The filters can be either mechanical or biological. The water basically flows through the filter in the water garden and gets filtered in this process. It makes the water safe for fishes and plants. Skimmers are a sort of mechanical filter that cleans the bigger sized debris in the water.
  4. Fountains – They make a very beautiful component in the water garden. They break the monotony of the water garden. The different forms of the fountain and the various lighting adds beauty to the entire garden
  5. Waterfall – The waterfalls create a calm and serene atmosphere to the water garden and it is also pleasing to the eye. The mild sound of the waterfall gives a relaxing effect to the people there.
  6. Lightings – It is used to enhance the beauty of the various features added to the water garden.

      7. Fishes – Fishes create a mobility to the garden. They bring more life to the overall garden and also help in cleaning the algae in the water surface.

Steps to construct the pond

  • Select a suitable site.
  • Dig out the land for the water body.
  • Plan for the electrical and plumbing lines and for the various fixtures to be installed.
  • Place the liner and fasten it strongly.
  • Add the soil and plants.
  • Add the rocks or gravels for beautification.
  • Fill in with the water and fishes.
  • Plan the surrounding landscape to compliment the water garden.

Water garden is one of the most rewarding features you can add to your garden. Whether you choose a small or a full-scale pond, soothing sights and sounds of running water, the colorful and often fragrant water plants, beautiful koi fish and the wild creatures they attract, will bring peace and serenity to your landscape.

 

Happy gardening

 

Common Gardening Mistakes !!!

Remember the first time when you decided to a cook a dish? only to realise later that the water quantity was not adequate or you confused salt with sugar! You made these mistakes because you were a novice and every new journey is marked by an initial failure that teaches you to not repeat those mistakes again.

Similarly, those of you who have just started gardening, are bound to make some mistakes. You must have realised that maintaining a garden is not a simple activity but something that demands you to be observant and attentive to the growing needs of your plant.

This article will take you through many gardening faux pas you can avoid and will train you to become a meticulous gardener.

Here are a few tips that will guide you on how to avoid common gardening mistakes.

THERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH SPACE BETWEEN SEEDS & PLANTS.

  • The number of seeds should be bought based on the space you have for planting these in your garden. What’s the use of buying surplus seeds if space is a constraint? It’s not just about the measurements of the garden but the spacing between the seeds too, so when your plants grow they should not look like they are competing for space! Always start with your gardening adventure in a small plot to gain experience. Overcrowding will also result in insufficient air circulation and hinder the full potential of the plants. As they say, small and steady steps lead to success.

SEEDS BOUGHT SHOULD ADAPT TO SOIL

  • For beginners who are sprightly and always passionate, the dream is to have a grand garden. In an attempt to turn their vision into a reality they tend to purchase plant seeds that are not only way too many but may also be completely hostile to the soil in your garden. Hence, instead of going on berserk with you choices, first carefully assess the soil type and choose the plants carefully. Planting exotic varieties that won’t grow in your weather would just result in the seed failing.

DON’T PUT EVERYTHING TOGETHER

  • Don’t overdo. Flowers, fruits, vegetables, herbs, shrubs whatever caught your fancy in the garden shop you purchased it without much pondering. To make matter worse you have planted them all together. This will not just augment your workload of providing individual attention to each of them but spoil the aesthetics too.

PREPARING THE SOIL RIGHT

  • The soil is the base for your plants to grow and without a healthy soil the plants will starve for nutrition. Prepare the soil before planting the seeds. The soil should be a good mix of coco peat/ peat moss, garden soil and compost/ manure. The soil should be airy and should offer good drainage.

SUNLIGHT SHOULD BE JUST RIGHT

  • Some plants will always require more sunlight than the others. This poses the issue of positioning your seeds in the correct space of the garden where there won’t be a paucity of generous sunlight.

sunlight on plants

DEPTH OF PLANTING SEEDS

  • Planting seeds too deep or shallow is something that you should take care of.  Seeds which are large in size, demand greater space than the ones with smaller size. If large seeds are planted too shallow, then they will dry out at a quicker pace. On the other hand, small seeds planted at a greater depth will fail to sprout.

DON’T OVER WATER OR UNDERWATER

Watering the plants

  • Let your enthusiasm not come in the way of deciding the water quantity for plants. Over watering or under watering both will stall the growth of plants. Moreover, do save water in your garden. The idea of gardening is to strike a harmony with nature.

SAY NO TO WEEDS 

  • Get rid of the weeds when they are at a nascent stage. Allowing the weeds to grow will cripple the growth of the plant as the weeds consume all the essential nutrients.

GO ORGANIC

  • Adopt organic mulching with the likes of straw, dry leaves or grass clipping. This keeps a check on weeds that are about to develop and also retains the soil moisture. The root area remains cool with this and also receives a steady diet of nutrients while the mulch meets its decaying end. Avoid using grass hay as it in itself initiates weed growth.

KEEP YOUR GARDEN BUG-FREE

  • Garden pests and critters that eat at your hard-earned vegetables and flowers can frustrate even the most patient of gardeners.Practicing proper pest control is one of the leading ways to keep your garden both disease and pest free. When you find harmful insects in your garden, the best way to deter them is to invite good insects into it. These beneficial insects will eat the harmful insects.
  • Consider attracting bugs such as:
    • Ladybugs
    • Praying mantis
    • Lacewings
    • Honeybee
    • Dragonflies etc.

Well then, what do you think? Have you made some of these mistakes while gardening?

Feel free to share your experiences for us all to learn from!

Hope this gave you a new approach for your gardening. A good way to avoid mistakes while gardening is to consult a seasoned gardener and the best way is to keep yourself updated through GreenMyLife blogs 🙂

Happy error-free gardening folks!

Happy-gardening

 

Care and Growing tips for ever-blooming beauty : Bougainvillea

“The flower that blooms in adversity is the most rare and beautiful of all– Mulan”, I can say this sentence is perfect for  Bougainvillea, which is always blooming and bursting with color around the year.

The inconspicuous flowers are surrounded by brightly colored papery bracts, which are purple or magenta to lighter tints in certain varieties. Bougainvillea is native to Brazil and is also known as a ‘Paper flower’.

  

Bougainvillea are tropical thorny rapid growing ornamental vines and prolific bloomers. Bougainvillea prefers a warm climate, full sun and good drainage.

Depending on the variety, bougainvillea can be grown on a trellis or over an arbor, against a building or fence, in containers, as a hedge, in tree form and as a bonsai.

Bougainvillea can grow anywhere from 1′ to 8′ to 30′, depending on the species or variety. There are actually quite a few dwarf bougainvilleas species also. Some varieties are thorn-less also and some are with variegated foliage and with bi-color flowers.

Caring for a Bougainvillea:

Common Name: Bougainvillea, Paper flower, Kagaz ke phool.

Botanical name: Bougainvillea glabra.

Planting ideas: Bougainvillea can climb up walls and trellises, can be potted in big garden pots and you can hang rows of wire or string against the surface that you want covered.

Category: Shrubs, Tropicals and Tender Perennials, Vines and Climbers.

Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not over water.

Spacing: 6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

Sun Exposure: Full Sun

Precaution: Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color: Magenta (Pink-Purple), Red, Scarlet (Dark Red),White, Orange

Bloom Time: Bloom around the year but profuse blooming during the summer.

Foliage: Evergreen, Smooth-Textured, Variegated.

Soil pH requirements: 5.6 to 6.0 (acidic soil)

Propagation Methods: From herbaceous stem cuttings, From woody stem cuttings, From softwood cuttings, From semi-hardwood cuttings.

Seed collecting: Plants does not set seed, flowers are sterile or plants will not come true from seed.

Special precaution: Bougainvillea plants are prolific growers and need good pruning to force blooming and retain a pretty shape. Wear gloves when pruning bougainvillea. Some people can get a skin rash from pruning bougainvillea, similar to that from poison ivy. Keep a close eye on growth and adjust when necessary until the bougainvillea starts covering the wall or other surface.

Go ahead, plant and enjoy one of the hardiest, low maintenance and ever blooming plant that is the Bougainvillea!

Share any additional/ tips about the Bougainvillea in the comments below.We would love to know more about these beautiful flowers!

 

Happy-gardening