The dark, fine-textured foliage of this short-lived perennial herb combined with its height (up to 6 feet tall) make it a great background for borders or herb gardens. It attracts beneficial insects and feeds the catepillars that morph into swallowtail butterflies.
Height: 3 to 6 feet
Spread: 1 to 2 feet
Flower color: yellow
Foliage color: dark green
Foliage texture: fine
Foliage is feathery and thin, but dense enough that massed plants form solid dark background.
Maintenance and care:
Cut back plants to force them to become bushier. If they get too leggy stake them.
Deadhead to prevent aggressive reseeding. Some seeding is desirable to replace plants that die. (Fennel is a short-lived perennial.)
Flowers attract beneficial insects, so don’t cut them before they start to fade. Foliage is also a favorite food of the catepillars of swallowtail butterflies.
Cut plants back to the ground after hard freeze.
Caution: Contact with plant juices and exposure to sun can cause skin irritation.
Health benefits of fennel seeds
- Fennel symbolizes longevity, courage, and strength. In addition to its use as medicinal values, fennel has many health benefiting nutrients, essential compounds, anti-oxidants, dietary fiber, minerals, and vitamins.
- Fennel seeds indeed contain numerous flavonoid anti-oxidants like kaempferol and quercetin. These compounds function as powerful anti-oxidants by removing harmful free radicals from the body thus offer protection from cancers, infection, aging and degenerative neurological diseases.
- Like in caraway, fennel seeds too are rich source of dietary fiber. 100 g seeds provide 39.8 g of fiber. Much of this roughage is metabolically inert insoluble fiber, which helps increase bulk of the food by absorbing water throughout the digestive system and easing constipation prolems.
- In addition, dietary fibers bind to bile salts (produced from cholesterol) and decrease their re-absorption in colon. It thus helps lower serum LDL cholesterol levels. Together with flavonoid anti-oxidants, fiber composition of fennel helps protect the colon mucusa from cancers.
The picture is an indication of type only
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